What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease of the eye that damages the optic nerve of the eye and can lead to vision loss and blindness. Early detection and treatment is recommended to prevent serious visual loss.

Anatomy of the Human Eye

The risk factors for glaucoma include:

Elevated Intraocular Pressure

Optic disc abnormalities

Family history of glaucoma

African Americans have a higher incidence of glaucoma at an earlier age

Thin Corneas

Trauma to the eye

Age over 60

Family history of glaucoma

Glaucoma Symptoms:

Open angle glaucoma in its early stages has no symptoms. Without treatment patients can get constriction of their peripheral vision. Angle closure glaucoma is usually accompanied by pain and blurry vision.

How is glaucoma detected?

Glaucoma is detected through a comprehensive eye exam that includes:

Visual Acuity test

Visual Field Testing


Dilated eye exam


Glaucoma Treatments:

Glaucoma treatments include medications, laser trabeculoplasty, surgery or a combination of all three. These treatments may help to stabilize vision but do not restore the vision that has been lost.

Glaucoma cannot be cured and the vision loss from the disease cannot be restored. Early detection is paramount.


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Posted in Glaucoma.